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Identification of Early-Stage Alzheimer's Disease using Sulcal Morphology and Other Common Neuroimaging Indices
Mar 31, 2017Author:
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Title: Identification of Early-Stage Alzheimer's Disease using Sulcal Morphology and Other Common Neuroimaging Indices  

Authors: Cai, KP; Xu, H; Guan, H; Zhu, WL; Jiang, JY; Cui, Y; Zhang, JC; Liu, T; Wen, W 

Author Full Names: Cai, Kunpeng; Xu, Hong; Guan, Hao; Zhu, Wanlin; Jiang, Jiyang; Cui, Yue; Zhang, Jicong; Liu, Tao; Wen, Wei 

Source: PLOS ONE, 12 (1):10.1371/journal.pone.0170875 JAN 27 2017  

Language: English 

Abstract: Identifying Alzheimer's disease (AD) at its early stage is of major interest in AD research. Previous studies have suggested that abnormalities in regional sulcal width and global sulcal index (g-SI) are characteristics of patients with early-stage AD. In this study, we investigated sulcal width and three other common neuroimaging morphological measures (cortical thickness, cortical volume, and subcortical volume) to identify early-stage AD. These measures were evaluated in 150 participants, including 75 normal controls (NC) and 75 patients with early-stage AD. The global sulcal index (g-SI) and the width of five individual sulci (the superior frontal, intra-parietal, superior temporal, central, and Sylvian fissure) were extracted from 3D T1-weighted images. The discriminative performances of the other three traditional neuroimaging morphological measures were also examined. Information Gain (IG) was used to select a subset of features to provide significant information for separating NC and early-stage AD subjects. Based on the four modalities of the individual measures, i.e.,sulcal measures, cortical thickness, cortical volume, subcortical volume, and combinations of these individual measures, three types of classifiers (Naive Bayes, Logistic Regression and Support Vector Machine) were applied to compare the classification performances. We observed that sulcal measures were either superior than or equal to the other measures used for classification. Specifically, the g- SI and the width of the Sylvian fissure were two of the most sensitive sulcal measures and could be useful neuroanatomical markers for detecting early-stage AD. There were no significant differences between the three classifiers that we tested when using the same neuroanatomical features. 

ISSN: 1932-6203  

Article Number: e0170875  

IDS Number: EN7VX  

Unique ID: WOS:000396211400029 

PubMed ID: 28129351  


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