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Learning Explicit Video Attributes from Mid-level Representation for Video Captioning
Apr 08, 2018Author:
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Title: Learning Explicit Video Attributes from Mid-level Representation for Video Captioning

 Authors: Nian, FD; Li, T; Wang, Y; Wu, XY; Ni, BB; Xu, CS

 Author Full Names: Nian, Fudong; Li, Teng; Wang, Yan; Wu, Xinyu; Ni, Bingbing; Xu, Changsheng

 Source: COMPUTER VISION AND IMAGE UNDERSTANDING, 163 126-138; 10.1016/j.cviu.2017.06.012 OCT 2017

 Language: English

 Abstract: Recent works on video captioning mainly learn the map from low-level visual features to language description directly without explicitly representing the high-level semantic video concepts (e.g. objects, actions in the annotated sentences). To bridge the semantic gap, in this paper, addressing it, we propose a novel video attribute representation learning algorithm for video concept understanding and utilize the learned explicit video attribute representation to improve video captioning performance. To achieve it, firstly, inspired by the success of spectrogram in audio processing, a novel mid-level video representation named "video response map" (VRM) is proposed, by which the frame sequence could be represented by a single image representation. Therefore, the video attributes representation learning could be converted to a well-studied multi-label image classification problem. Then in the captions prediction step, the learned video attributes feature is integrated with the single frame feature to improve previous sequence-to sequence language generation model by adjusting the LSTM (Long-Short Term Memory) input units. The proposed video captioning framework could both handle variable frame inputs and utilize high-level semantic video attribute features. Experimental results on video captioning tasks show that the proposed method, utilizing only RGB frames as input without extra video or text training data, could achieve competitive performance with state-of-the-art methods. Furthermore, the extensive experimental evaluations on the UCF-101 action classification benchmark well demonstrate the representation capability of the proposed VRM. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

 ISSN: 1077-3142

 eISSN: 1090-235X

 IDS Number: FR0BT

 Unique ID: WOS:000418726800011

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