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Multilocus Genetic Profile in Dopaminergic Pathway Modulates the Striatum and Working Memory
Jul 11, 2018Author:
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Title: Multilocus Genetic Profile in Dopaminergic Pathway Modulates the Striatum and Working Memory

Authors: Wang, C; Liu, B; Zhang, XL; Cui, Y; Yu, CS; Jiang, TZ

Author Full Names: Wang, Chao; Liu, Bing; Zhang, Xiaolong; Cui, Yue; Yu, Chunshui; Jiang, Tianzi

Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, 8 10.1038/s41598-018-23191-y MAR 29 2018

Language: English

Abstract: Dopamine is critical in pathophysiology and therapy of schizophrenia. Many studies have reported altered dopaminergic activity in the dorsal but not ventral striatum in schizophrenia. Based on the largest genome-wide association study of schizophrenia to date, we calculated the polygenic risk score (PGRS) of each subject in a healthy general group, including all variations in the set of functionally related genes involved in dopamine neurotransmitter system. We aimed to test whether the genetic variations in the dopaminergic pathway that have been identified as associated with schizophrenia are related to the function of the striatum and to working memory. We found that a higher PGRS was significantly associated with impairment in working memory. Moreover, resting-state functional connectivity analysis revealed that as the polygenic risk score increased, the connections between left putamen and caudate and the default mode network grew stronger, while the connections with the fronto-parietal network grew weaker. Our findings may shed light on the biological mechanism underlying the "dopamine hypothesis" of schizophrenia and provide some implications regarding the polygenic effects on the dopaminergic activity in the risk for schizophrenia.

ISSN: 2045-2322

Article Number: 5372

IDS Number: GA8VI

Unique ID: WOS:000428618900015

PubMed ID: 29599495

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