Guo, Jianwei; Xu, Shibiao; Yan, Dong-Ming; Cheng, Zhanglin; Jaeger, Marc; Zhang, Xiaopeng
In this paper, we describe a novel procedural modeling technique for generating realistic plant models from multi-view photographs. The realism is enhanced via visual and spatial information acquired from images. In contrast to previous approaches that heavily rely on user interaction to segment plants or recover branches in images, our method automatically estimates an accurate depth map of each image and extracts a 3D dense point cloud by exploiting an efficient stereophotogrammetry approach. Taking this point cloud as a soft constraint, we fit a parametric plant representation to simulate the plant growth progress. In this way, we are able to synthesize parametric plant models from real data provided by photos and 3D point clouds. We demonstrate the robustness of the proposed approach by modeling various plants with complex branching structures and significant self-occlusions. We also demonstrate that the proposed framework can be used to reconstruct ground-covering plants, such as bushes and shrubs which have been given little attention in the literature. The effectiveness of our approach is validated by visually and quantitatively comparing with the state-of-the-art approaches.
IEEE Transactions On Visualization and Computer Graphics
Computer Science, Software Engineering